Blackheads: What They Are, What Causes Them, and How To Treat Them

What are Blackheads?      

Not all skin conditions are considered to be serious, and some of them can really be quite irritating. In their own little ways, they can affect your well-being. An example of this is blackheads. Blackheads are those dark and small lesions growing and appearing on your skin mostly on the face and the neck region. They are mostly composed of oxidized melanin and non-inflammatory in nature but they often develop as acne when scrubbed or squeezed, or irritated in any way. Before doing something to treat your blackheads, know what causes them first to avoid making them worse and to stop them from happening again.

What Causes Blackheads?

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A common misconception for blackheads is that they are dirt trapped inside the pores of your nose or neck. This is not wrong but it is not necessarily correct either. There are many factors that lead to the formation of blackheads, and here are they:

  • Puberty

The secretion of androgen, although a male sex hormone, occurs in both genders during adolescence. Any hormonal level alteration usually affects sebum production which causes skin lesions of various types such as blackheads.

  • Medication

Medication-induced blackheads happen most of the time to women who take certain medications like birth control pills. For men who use steroid-based drugs like corticosteroids, they will also experience blackhead formation.

  • Skin Oil

Excessive oil in the skin can cause blackheads. When this excessive oil becomes trapped in the pore, it combines itself with dead skin cells and the bacteria on the surface of the skin caused by an unclean exposure. All this will result to the formation of blemishes, pimples, and blackheads.

How Do You Treat Blackheads?

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Knowing the right way to treat blackheads is very important. Otherwise, it will just lead to you regretting something you wish you never did. To effectively combat blackheads without even seeking a dermatologist’s attention, here are things you can do:

Apply gentle skin cleanser. To avoid irritations, the use of a gentle cleanser is advisable regardless of skin type. A natural extract based cleaner with no chemical ingredient is the best way to go. In some cases, strong and deep cleansers cause adverse effects so try using a fragrance-free and ph-neutral cleaner.

Treat skin conditions. If you have an existing or underlying skin ailment, this is the part where you are required to go to a dermatologist’s clinic. Skin ailments can aggravate any lesion whether it is acne or blackheads.

Try natural remedies. Home remedies are usually the easiest, cheapest, and in some cases, the safest way to treat a minor condition like removing blackheads. Additionally, these processes do not aggravate skin lesions. Herbs like turmeric, lemon juice, tea tree oil, and baking soda are effective in removing blackheads when applied on the affected spots. Even though these are natural herbs, you should know which of these remedies suit your skin type to avoid unnatural skin reactions.

How Do You Effectively Prevent Blackheads?

It may be easy for some to remove blackheads but don’t you think it will be easier if you actually prevent them from breaking out of your skin?

Here are the steps to follow to effectively prevent blackheads:

  1. Avoid using excessive make-up especially when you have a sensitive or dry skin. In times of necessity, make sure you use non-comedogenic variants to avoid clogging your skin pores.
  2. Do not eat too much oily food. Junk and fried food is one of the most common contributing factors in the formation of blackheads.
  3. Take care of your skin but do not wash it too much with soap. It leads to dryness which means the production of sebum will increase that will worsen lesions.
  4. Always make sure your hands are clean and free of germs whenever you touch your blackheads. In fact, do not touch them at all unless necessary. Squeezing and scrubbing them with nails or any sharp object can worsen your situation.

Blackheads are not exactly that serious as a skin condition. They can be treated instantly in just the safety of your homes. However, in case of recurring outbreaks, it is advised to seek the attention of a dermatologist especially when the itchiness affects your day-to-day activities.

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