Sunday, 24 September 2017

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  • Latest Discoveries in Medicine - Medical advances happen regularly and each time it makes new things possible and improves human health. Some advances that we are seeing today are the things that we thought were science-fiction and impossible not too many years ago. Technology and science have brought so many great discoveries that we can...
  • 5 General Healthy Practices in 2017 - Everyone knows the healthy practices that they should make a habit in order to stay healthy and live longer. However, we get so caught up in our busy lives that this seems impossible. Building healthy habits is the same as when you learn a new skill – it will take...
  • How Science Has Made It Possible for Humans to Live Longer - Scientists disagree about how long humans can live. Some say that we are genetically programmed to only live a maximum of 120 years. Others say that we could live to be 1000 years old. All of this is based on the ageing process of human cells and whether it can...
  • Interesting Facts About Genetics and Genomes - Genetics and genomes are fascinating and have meant a lot for human health and understanding our makeup. To celebrate this amazing part of science and being a living organism, we at Genolevures would like to share a few interesting facts. There are so many interesting things about genetics and genomes...

Health[ View All ]

post6 - Latest Discoveries in Medicine

Latest Discoveries in Medicine

Medical advances happen regularly and each time it makes new things possible and improves human health. Some advances that we are seeing today are the things that we thought were science-fiction and impossible not too ma...
post8 - 5 General Healthy Practices in 2017

5 General Healthy Practices in 2017

Everyone knows the healthy practices that they should make a habit in order to stay healthy and live longer. However, we get so caught up in our busy lives that this seems impossible. Building healthy habits is the same ...
post9 - How Science Has Made It Possible for Humans to Live Longer

How Science Has Made It Possible for Humans to Live...

Scientists disagree about how long humans can live. Some say that we are genetically programmed to only live a maximum of 120 years. Others say that we could live to be 1000 years old. All of this is based on the ageing ...
post11 - Interesting Facts About Genetics and Genomes

Interesting Facts About Genetics and Genomes

Genetics and genomes are fascinating and have meant a lot for human health and understanding our makeup. To celebrate this amazing part of science and being a living organism, we at Genolevures would like to share a few ...

Science[ View All ]

Latest Discoveries with Genetics and Genomes

Latest Discoveries with Genetics and Genomes

New discoveries and advances in genome studies occur almost daily. Projects are completed, new functions are discovered, different genes are unravelled and new projects...
Science and Genomes: What’s the Deal?

Science and Genomes: What’s the Deal?

Genomics is a science that forms part of the biology field and is focused on the sequencing and analysis of genomes in different organisms....
How Science Has Made It Possible for Humans to Live Longer

How Science Has Made It Possible for Humans to Live...

Scientists disagree about how long humans can live. Some say that we are genetically programmed to only live a maximum of 120 years. Others...
Yeast Genomes and Why Scientists Use Them

Yeast Genomes and Why Scientists Use Them

We are all familiar with yeast as a product needed in baking and brewing beer. But did you know that it is also a...

Genetic[ View All ]

post11 - Interesting Facts About Genetics and Genomes

Interesting Facts About Genetics and Genomes

Genetics and genomes are fascinating and have meant a lot for human health and understanding our makeup. To celebrate this amazing part of science and being a living organism, we at Genolevures would like to share a few ...

Genomes[ View All ]

post5 - Latest Discoveries with Genetics and Genomes

Latest Discoveries with Genetics and Genomes

New discoveries and advances in genome studies occur almost daily. Projects are completed, new functions are discovered, different genes are unravelled and new projects are started. The studies into genomes and genetics ...
post7 - Science and Genomes: What’s the Deal?

Science and Genomes: What’s the Deal?

Genomics is a science that forms part of the biology field and is focused on the sequencing and analysis of genomes in different organisms. Genomics has helped scientists understand many things about humans, other animal...

Latest Posts

post5 - Latest Discoveries with Genetics and Genomes

Latest Discoveries with Genetics and Genomes

New discoveries and advances in genome studies occur almost daily. Projects are completed, new functions are discovered, different genes are unravelled and new projects are started. The studies into genomes and genetics and how they influence our biological makeup and diseases have already made huge impacts on human life and health. Today, this is even more true.

Since the Human Genome Project was completed, the study into genomes and how we can understand them to help prevent disease and stop the inheritance of diseased genes have sky rocketed. There are new discoveries and advances very regularly and today we at Genolevures would like to just recap a few of the most recent ones.

Carey-Fineman-Ziter Syndrome

Researchers from all over the world came together to study the genomic cause for Carey-Fineman-Ziter syndrome. This is a syndrome that is quite rare and affects the muscles. It is hereditary. The research findings have shed light on how the muscles form in an embryo as well as on how cells regenerate. This is a discovery that took place just a few months ago in July.

Type 2 Diabetes and Obesity

Type 2 Diabetes has become very prominent in recent years. Researchers have studied the genetics of this disease for a long time and they have revealed a detailed explanation of these genetics. It is more complex than anyone knew before and can definitely help to treat and even prevent this disease in the future. Linked to this, researchers also found that there are genomic underpinnings of obesity. They specifically studied Africans and African-Americans and found that a percentage of these Africans carry a genomic variant that increases their vulnerability for developing diabetes.

Genomic Signature of Cancer

Cancer is a very serious disease that take many lives every year. Researchers discovered that at least five types of cancer have a similar genomic signature. This was in 2016. They expect that this fingerprint will be present in more types of cancer and that this could be something we can test for to detect cancer at an early stage. The next step was to find a type of blood test or other method to see whether this signature is present in any given individual’s genetic makeup. This would help doctors help so many patients before they get to advanced stages of cancer.

Histone 1

Histone 1 is a molecule found in DNA that prevents genomic instability. This molecule can stop or silence the part of a genome that can cause major damage to DNA. Genomic instability is the main factor that causes mutation and the development of tumors. Histone 1 can help to discover treatments and prevention methods to help cure cancer and other diseases.

Genomes and genetics studies are extremely interesting and they will also one day lead to cures for diseases that are fatal today. They will also help us isolate and repair genes that may cause disease and give us the ability to identify risk factors before any damage can be caused.

There is so much more to know about genetics and genomes and we invite you to read some more interesting facts about genetics as well as how they have helped scientists. You can also visit the National Human Genome Research Institute website for more latest discoveries.

post6 - Latest Discoveries in Medicine

Latest Discoveries in Medicine

Medical advances happen regularly and each time it makes new things possible and improves human health. Some advances that we are seeing today are the things that we thought were science-fiction and impossible not too many years ago. Technology and science have brought so many great discoveries that we can only stand in awe.

Today, Genolevures brings you some of these developments that are either already being used or will be in the near future.

Cancer Analysis – Not only are there different types of cancer, but there is also different degrees and variations of each cancer. Some cancers are more lethal than others and some cases are worse than others. Scientists have got a new way of analysing the genome of a tumor so doctors can determine whether a specific cancer will be reactive to a certain treatment or not. This means that patients will no longer need to undergo a cocktail of treatments that may or may not help. They will be able to undergo treatments that have a higher likelihood of attacking the cancer.

Seizure Prevention – Hundreds of thousands of people in the world suffer from epilepsy. Epilepsy causes seizures that people who have it cannot control. A new invention called the NeuroPace has given hope to these people. The NeuroPaceactually stops seizures before they happen by detecting the coming seizure and counteracting those pulses with its own electrical pulses. This device can make the lives of so many people easier. Severe epilepsy inhibits the sufferer’s basic functionality and they can often not work or do anything where they are not monitored or supervised. This device could open a whole new world for these people.

Bionic Eyes – We warned you about the sci-fi aspect. Functional bionic eyes are available for people who are blind. It is not perfected yet and still needs some work, but the bionic eye is a real thing. This technology has been available since 2011 but has only recently been approved and given the go-ahead. The technology for the bionic eye will be improved and soon help millions of people who struggle with their vision.

Hepatitis C Cure – This is another excellent discovery. Cures for Hepatitis C have been available for years, but it wasn’t as effective or successful as doctors wanted. A new, more potent cure has been developed and it has 95% success rate. Compared to the 70% rate of previous cures, that is pretty amazing. The new cure also has a shorter course period and does not need added injections that may cause side effects.

These are only a drop in the bucket of the new and wonderful advances that scientists and doctors have made on the medical front. So many patients with different health concerns and diseases will be helped by these and many other new inventions and developments. To read about more great advances, read this Men’s Health article and this Huffington Post article.

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Image source: medicalfuturist.com
post7 - Science and Genomes: What’s the Deal?

Science and Genomes: What’s the Deal?

Genomics is a science that forms part of the biology field and is focused on the sequencing and analysis of genomes in different organisms. Genomics has helped scientists understand many things about humans, other animals, plants, and more. A genome refers to the complete DNA content of an organism and genomics is, therefore, the study of the genetic makeup of these organisms.

Scientists have mapped the whole human genome as part of the Human Genome Project that was started in the 1990s. The discoveries they made and the understanding they now have of the human genetic makeup, has many benefits. Also, knowing the difference between human genetics and plants and other animals can help with further studies and medical and other advances.

Genomics is helpful in many ways. Here are some short examples:

  1. Functional genomics – This field is concerned with determining the function of genes in an organism. Knowing what a gene does helps scientists understand how that organism’s systems work, for example, the digestive system. It also helps scientists to know which genes cause diseases and which ones can help with healing.
  2. Genetic manipulation – This is relevant in humans, animals, and plants. Scientists are studying genes to understand how they can manipulate or change genes to help get rid of hereditary disease or to make an organism stronger or to make it more resistant to environmental conditions. The options for manipulation to improve the characteristics and functions of an organism’s genes are endless.
  3. Population genetics – Knowing the genomes of humans helps scientists understand population genetics better. Environmental factors influence health and other aspects of human life and genomics can be used to understand these differences and influences within different populations. This can lead to an understanding of whether genes can be manipulated to make people stronger to handle those conditions or whether their genes have adapted or mutated to be able to survive in certain conditions.
  4. Disease prevention – We mentioned this in number 2, but it requires some expansion. Certain diseases or predispositions are carried through our genes. Certain environmental factors can trigger the activation of these genes and sometimes the genes remain inactive and the disease or problem never manifests. Genomics is very important in learning about how to prevent the inheritance of deadly or chronic diseases. It can also help to understand how these diseases mutate or become activated.

Studying genetics and what they do and how they do it is extremely helpful to science and advances in human health. Understanding how human genetics work and how it differs from person to person and population to population can help scientists make amazing advances in disease prevention. When it comes to plants, knowledge of genetics can help scientists cultivate crops that can resist bad weather or specific pests. The opportunities are endless.

Genomics, genetics, and biology, in general, are absolutely fascinating. The way that scientists study our makeup and use it to improve our lives is amazing. If you would like to learn more about genomes and science, read this article.

post8 - 5 General Healthy Practices in 2017

5 General Healthy Practices in 2017

Everyone knows the healthy practices that they should make a habit in order to stay healthy and live longer. However, we get so caught up in our busy lives that this seems impossible. Building healthy habits is the same as when you learn a new skill – it will take time, but once you have it, you have it. So, despite the fact that we know these things, let’s recap the healthy practices that you should follow, especially in 2017 and beyond.

21 - 5 General Healthy Practices in 2017
Drink lots of water. Staying hydrated keeps your skin from showing signs of ageing. It helps your digestive system work better and it also helps your blood flow. Being hydrated also helps to make your brain more sharp and well-functioning. Dehydration is serious and people die from it every year. So, keep the water close and leave the soda and other sugary drinks.

22 - 5 General Healthy Practices in 2017
Get some exercise. It doesn’t really matter what types of exercise you do as long as you are moving. Do Pilates, do yoga, go for a run or a walk, walk the dogs, go to the gym, clean the house, etc. No matter what you do, just try and get some physical activity in your day for at least 60 minutes. Your body will be happy and you will feel great.

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Eat more green. We all know that carbs are apparently evil and that sugar should be avoided at all times. No matter what your take on it, add more fruits and vegetables to your diet. Fruits and vegetables are good for all systems of your body and it contains many important nutrients that your body needs. You should especially try and add more green leafy vegetables like spinach and kale. These green vegetables contain iron and other very important nutrients that help fight heart disease and cancer.

24 - 5 General Healthy Practices in 2017
Cut down on screen time. So many hours in our day is spent looking at a screen. If it’s not the computer screen, it’s a tablet or smart phone or television. It is important for both your physical and mental health that you allow yourself time away from the screen. Not only does looking at a screen the whole day devoid you of physical activity, but it also causes eye problems, depression, and muscles spasm. Step away from the screen for some reading, conversation, exercise, or social activities.

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Sleep enough. So many of us don’t get enough sleep due to long working hours and a whole bunch of other activities and responsibilities. Science has proven over and over that enough sleep is important for good health. Not only does too little sleep affect cerebral processes and mood, it also affects the metabolism. If you sleep enough, your body gets time to repair damage, have some down time, and help you stay healthier for longer. Enough sleep is also important to stave off colds and other illnesses. If you rest enough, your immune system will also be stronger.

So, we mentioned that everyone knows these things already. We hope that this reminds you and inspires you to make a habit of these simple pointers. For some more interesting reading on how science has helped us live healthier and longer, go here.

post9 - How Science Has Made It Possible for Humans to Live Longer

How Science Has Made It Possible for Humans to Live Longer

Scientists disagree about how long humans can live. Some say that we are genetically programmed to only live a maximum of 120 years. Others say that we could live to be 1000 years old. All of this is based on the ageing process of human cells and whether it can be reversed, slowed down, or avoided altogether.

Regardless of the disagreements, we can all agree that science has already made great advances in terms of extending human life. We may not have a cure for ageing yet and we may not need one, but people have been living longer and healthier lives for the last few decades. Several research projects and scientific advances have made it possible for us to live longer.

Medical Advances

Antibiotics – The development of antibiotics has helped humans fight off and recover from many different illnesses including the common cold. Decades ago, people died of colds and flu because they didn’t get the right treatments. Antibiotics have played a big role in extending the lifespan of humans.

Chronic medicines – Medicines for things like high cholesterol, insulin resistance, diabetes, and more have also helped people to live longer and healthier. When there were no medications to help eradicate or control diabetes or insulin resistance, more people were vulnerable to die younger.

Vaccines – Vaccines may be questioned by some people, but it is a fact that they have helped eliminate certain diseases like the chickenpox. Diseases that were deadly a few decades or a century ago is now harmless or completely preventable through vaccines.

Technology

Radiation therapy – New medical technology like radiation equipment have helped people with cancer to live longer. Radiation therapy is mostly used in combination with other methods like chemotherapy to target and destroy cancer cells. In earlier years, this technology wasn’t available and there was no way to even attempt to kill cancer cells while still inside a human body.

Heart surgery and transplants – Heart surgery and many advancements surrounding stents and pacemakers have also helped people live longer. In the past, a heart problem was a death sentence. Today, this is no longer the case because there are options. Transplants of organs have also helped people live longer. People who would have died because their heart, lungs, liver, or kidneys were failing, now have a chance to live a long life if they can find a donor.

Research

Research is a big part of why we can now live approximately 30 years longer than the life expectancy people had in the early 1900s. Scientists have mapped the human genome and continue to study our genetics to help prevent disease or eliminate it completely. Genetic research has already made great advances in disease prevention and heredity and will continue to do so.

From medications to technology and ongoing research, science is helping humans live longer. It was never before expected that humans will live longer than 60 or maybe 80 years. Today, there seems to be a possibility to live to 120 years and even further. Science has brought us a long way and it will take us even further in the years to come.

post10 - Yeast Genomes and Why Scientists Use Them

Yeast Genomes and Why Scientists Use Them

We are all familiar with yeast as a product needed in baking and brewing beer. But did you know that it is also a very important part of studying genetics and biology? Well, it’s true. Scientists have been using yeast and yeast genomes as research specimens to see how certain biological processes will work and more. These studies have been conducted for decades and have helped scientists understand and discover so many new things regarding our genetic makeup, how our bodies respond to certain medications, and how our biological processes work.

So, what makes yeast such a great thing to work with?

Yeast cells are very similar to human cells.Actually, they are very similar to animal cells in general in terms of how the cells grow and divide; how the cells metabolize food; and how the cells age. Furthermore, yeast and humans share genes and this makes it possible to study functions that the two have in common.

Yeast is easy and cheap. Yeast is easy to get a hold of and it is cheap to buy. So, no need to worry about pushing the study budget over its limit.

Yeast is fast. Human cells tend to divide approximately every 12 hours. Yeast cells do so every 1 to 2 hours. This means that scientists can conduct their studies and have results much faster than if they had to wait for human cells to do the same things.

Yeast is customizable. This is another great characteristic of yeast that makes scientists happy. If they want to study a particular gene or isolate cells, you can buy yeast with a slightly different makeup. For example, you get yeast that has a gene ‘knocked out’ to see what the effect is and then translate that to the human cells.

Yeast is safe. Many of the specimens, like bacteria, that scientists often have to work with are dangerous and can have dire consequences if used incorrectly or if exposure occurs. There is none of that danger with yeast. It is harmless and can be used safely without worrying about contamination or contracting an infection.

info3 - Yeast Genomes and Why Scientists Use Them
Image source: drugline.org

Clearly, yeast is a very versatile and easily available product that has changed how scientists study human genetics and biological processes. It is interesting (and a little weird) to think that something so simple and everyday can help human health so much. Studies with yeast genomes have helped to make huge advances in medical treatments, medicines, and understanding the human body. Learn more on the RESOURCES page.

post11 - Interesting Facts About Genetics and Genomes

Interesting Facts About Genetics and Genomes

Genetics and genomes are fascinating and have meant a lot for human health and understanding our makeup. To celebrate this amazing part of science and being a living organism, we at Genolevures would like to share a few interesting facts. There are so many interesting things about genetics and genomes that we had a hard time choosing the best ones. We hope you enjoy our end-selection.

  1. The structure of the DNA molecule was discovered decades ago. In 1953, the structure of the DNA molecule was discovered by James D Watson and Francis Crick. This means that the journey to discover genetics and DNA started more than 50 years ago.
  2. The human genome is amazing. We all know we have 46 chromosomes as humans. However, did you know that those 46 chromosomes are made up of 3 200 million base pairs? Yes, that is a fact – the human genome is made up of 3 200 million base pairs.
  3. Only a small number of cancers are genetic-related. Most of the cancers originate because of environmental factors. The rest (approximately 5 to 10%) is a result of genetic heritance. So, while genetics can definitely play a part and should be considered, your environment and what you eat, drink and do play a bigger part.
  4. We may be genetically programmed not to live longer than 120 years. In theory, scientists think that us humans have the genetic coding that prevents us from getting older than 120 years of age. This is due to a limited amount of times that cells can divide.
  5. We share more genetic material than you may think. Two people can share as much as 99.9% of the same genetic material. That is a mind-blowing fact. Just think about it. The person sitting next to you could be made up of almost the exact same genetics as you.
  6. Europeans are HIV resistant. The plagues that plagued European countries in the middle ages have made a small percentage of Europeans resistant to the HIV virus. This is because of a genetic mutation caused by the plagues. Approximately 10% of Europeans carry this mutation and are resistant to HIV.
  7. We share genetic similarities with several unexpected species. Humans and chimpanzees share 98% of the same genetic material. We also share 21% of our genetic makeup with mice and 7% with E. coli bacteria. How’s that for mind-boggling?

Interesting, fascinating, and mind-blowing. You can find more interesting reads on genetics and health on our RESOURCES page. If you want to learn more, keep reading our articles.

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Image source: www.slideshare.net